An Unparalleled Person – Express Urdu

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An Unparalleled Person – Express Urdu
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An Unparalleled Person – Express Urdu

The Industrial Age began in the last decades of the eighteenth century and the Industrial Revolution took place in the mid-nineteenth century, which completely changed the economy based on human and animal labor.

After the Industrial Revolution, the production process started through machines and technology, which changed the entire social system. In the early period of the industrial revolution, severe unemployment was created due to mechanized production, new classes came into existence that exploited the worst human beings for maximum profit, later through the neo-colonial system, a few western countries occupied three-fourths of the world. did it.

Among the scientists and thinkers who gained extraordinary fame during the industrial age, the name of the German philosopher Karl Marx stands out. Marx had access to many sciences, he was a philosopher, social scientist, journalist, poet and economist. Marx’s personality was universal, with open-minded people who recognized his creativity as well as those who disagreed with his philosophy. Allama Iqbal’s poem about him has now become a proverb:

That claim without manifestation, that Christ without the cross

There is no prophet, but there is a book with him

Marx was born on May 5, 1818. At the age of 38 he co-authored the Communist Manifesto with his friend Engels, later his research book “Das Kapital” caused a stir in the world. Fifty million copies of the Communist Manifesto were sold. It is considered one of the world’s best-selling books.

The United Nations organization UNESCO has included Marx’s books in the World Heritage Documents. Because of his ideas, Marx could not stay in his native Germany and he spent his life as an exile in France, Belgium and Great Britain. Despite severe financial difficulties, he continued his research and creative work. There came a day when he wrote in a letter to his friend Engels, “It is not possible to live such a difficult and painful life.”

One of the secrets of the West’s progress is that it is not as stingy as we are in acknowledging the capabilities of its ideological and political opponents. Few people know that Karl Marx was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics posthumously in 2016 for his book Das Kapital. This award was created in 1968. The spokesman of the Nobel Prize Committee said on the occasion that this prize has been given to scholars who find new aspects within the system while maintaining it.

For the first time, the committee awarded the Nobel Prize to an economic researcher who was researching fundamental and revolutionary changes in the system. This aspect of Marx’s comprehensive life is also interesting that both his mother’s and father’s families had centuries-old religious traditions and a succession of rabbis passed through them, but Karl’s father had to avoid the monster of unemployment in the society of Trier. Despite having to change their religion, the Marx family remained socially ostracized and alienated in Trier’s society due to their ancient Jewish background.

When Carl Born entered university, he chose law and philosophy, but within him breathed a young man who loved the ancient history of Greece and Rome and the epics of Homer. He had read Aristotle, Plato, Giant Janus Kalbi, Epicurus, Plutarch, Seneca and Cicero at the age of fifteen or sixteen. Shakespeare, Skylus and Goethe were his favorite poets. Spartacus and Kapler were his heroes. A lover of Scyllus’ poetry, Prometheus had absorbed Scyllus’s eloquence about such an unparalleled rebellious character.

He soon realized that poetry was an expression of his anxiety, but in reality he could not achieve much in this field. Karl Marx decided to give up poetry and his permanent association with philosophy in an hour of discovery that made him a rare figure in history. It changed the course of future human generations. He was well acquainted with the words of the great German poets and the classical poets of Greece and Rome. Is.

Marx said that the greatest criterion for evaluating the intelligence and intellectual depth of individuals is how much they understand great literature. Comparing Shelley and Byron at one place, he calls Shelley a complete revolutionary and says that if he had not died at the age of 30, he would have been the leader and torch bearer of the socialist movement, while he said this about Byron. He opined that if he had not left the world in 36 years, he would have come out as a reactionary bourgeois.

Shakespeare’s famous character Shylock is mentioned many times in his writings. Heine’s poetry was his favorite, Goethe’s “Faust” and “Diwan East and West” are his letters. Somewhere he repeats Heine’s line, “I have sown dragons but reaped fleas.” In another letter, he goes on to mention Vishwamitra, William Thackeray and Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales” in the same breath. Is. Paul writes to Lafarge simultaneously in French and English, so the poems and phrases of Heine and Victor Hugo ripple through this letter like the waves of a river.

Marx’s daughter Elise wrote that Shakespeare’s plays were the Bible in our household. At the age of 6, I memorized many dialogues of Shakespeare’s plays. Papa used to read the whole of Homer to us sisters, apart from that he used to read many books to us, among which Cervantes’ Don Cahote and Alf Laila are the top ones.

Paul Lafarge has also confirmed this narrative of Marx and wrote that when his daughters were able to walk, he would take them to fairs and regal them with stories of fairies, wizards and fireflies. .

Like Elise, Lafarge regretted that these stories could not be preserved on paper, otherwise they would have highlighted another side of Marx’s literary profusion and creativity of mind. The way in which he used to taunt literature as an argument while unraveling the knots of the economy can be gauged from the passage in his writings in which he describes the strength of the rupee.

“What I get through rupees, what I get from rupees, I am that. My power is as great as that of the Rupee, whose attributes and abilities are the same as those of the Rupee (in its possession), so what I am and what I can do is not determined by my individuality. (It means that) I am not ugly, because ugly is a force that induces disgust, which the rupee removes. I am lame by my individual nature but the rupee gives me 24 legs’ so I am not lame.

I am a bad-tempered, unfaithful, deceitful and dull-minded person, but rupees are respected, so whoever has rupees should also be respected. Rupee is the highest good, so its owner is also good. I am a leper brain but since Rupee is the original soul of all things, then tell me why owning it can reduce intelligence? Above all, the owner of rupees can buy the smartest people, and if the smartest people are in the possession of a person, is he not smarter than them? Is it enough for an ordinary writer to interpret rupees so poetically and creatively?

It is difficult to deny that among the modern philosophers whose ideas have changed the currents of thought and thought in the world, the name of Marx is very prominent. The column has been started with Iqbal’s poem, which reflects this fact.

An Unparalleled Person – Express Urdu