The earth is tight on her own children

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The earth is tight on her own children
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The earth is tight on her own children

Refugees are those who are forced to hide temporarily from one country to another country. While the modern abbreviation of IDPs is used for those who are displaced within their own geographical four walls (Internally Displaced Persons). .

When a responsible welfare and research organization like the Norwegian Refugee Council states that in 2023, the number of such people has reached 70 million and 700,000,000, who have been deprived of their own land, once again trust in civilization and development. gets up

If the reasons for the more than doubling of the global number of internally displaced persons in the last five years are sought, then seventy percent of them were displaced due to unrest and war and the rest became victims of environmental changes.

In the context of unrest, Sudan is suffering the most problems, where ninety million people were expelled from its four walls due to the civil war. Two-thirds of the conflicts that occurred in the last year are related to only three regions. Sudan, Congo and Palestine. One million and seventeen million Ukrainians have left their homes during the first year of the war in 2022. Earthquake victims of Turkey and flood victims of China are among the homeless victims of natural disasters.

If we look at South Asia, in the period from 2014 to 2023, out of 82 million homeless, 53 million people had to relocate due to violence and armed crises. While 29 million South Asians were displaced by natural disasters. There are various reasons.

Three years after the ceasefire, Afghanistan is the leader in South Asia in terms of the number of victims. There are about 42 million people who were forced to leave their place due to war and conflict and 15 million natural disasters. Except for 6 million in India. Humans were driven out of their homes by unrest and 90,000 by natural disasters. In Bangladesh, 426,000 victims were left homeless due to the weakness of law and order, and 55,000 due to floods, and 43,000 people were left homeless in Nepal due to environmental degradation. are

South Asia is also under the influence of El Nino due to temperature changes for the past two years and these effects are appearing in the form of frequent droughts and unusual floods. El Nino wave affected South Asia last year. I took home from around one crore two million people.

The number of refugees is increasing in Pakistan since 2022. Of the monsoon victims of the previous and current year, about twelve lakh still do not know what their future is. Sindh has committed to build two lakh houses. But only one lakh houses have been completed so far. Those who have returned to their destroyed houses have enough economic, educational and health facilities to stand on their feet again. No resources.

Nutrition is also a serious problem for the flood victims. At least 1.5 million people are currently facing food insecurity in the country.

As for the issue of displacement as a result of unrest and civil war, about seventy thousand more people were displaced in South Asia last year. Although this number is less than the two thousand and two thousand, but the war in Afghanistan and the worsening economic conditions are exhausting. The Afghans who came and went to the big cities, especially Kabul. Most of them have been forced by the Taliban to go back to their native areas. Since there are very few reports from Afghanistan, it is difficult to say that How many refugees are being sent back to the provinces from where they came out fed up with life and economy. If the conditions were so good in their native provinces, why did they leave their homes?

A campaign has been going on in Pakistan for the past one year to send Afghan refugees back to their homeland. According to Pakistani government sources, more than 600,000 Afghan refugees have returned to their country due to voluntary or government pressure, but the Taliban government is unhappy instead of providing them with basic facilities. Many returning refugees were born or raised in Pakistan and now do not know where to settle in Afghanistan. Compared to Pakistan, the Afghan economy is very thin. Therefore, many refugees are adding to the number of homeless people who already exist on the outskirts of big cities due to the lack of employment. It seems that homelessness is not going to end soon.

On the other hand, due to a military operation against the extremists in the border valley of Terah bordering Khyber district in December last across the border, about 22 hundred tribesmen had to leave their villages.

Last year, about 70,000 Kuki tribesmen in the northeastern Indian state of Manipur were forced to seek refuge in the neighboring states of Assam, Nagaland and Mizoram to avoid ethnic tensions. Most of them could not return to their homes till now.

Due to human instinct, there will always be conflicts in the world. People will also be destroyed. But the sadness and concern is that the 21st century is proving to be more brutal instead of being more civilized and tolerant than the 20th. Human and animal. Darbadri is continuously increasing instead of decreasing year after year.

Every state has solid arguments and justifications about it, but which has lost its roof or shade due to any natural or human calamity. All the arguments in the world are meaningless for that.

On forgetting the way home

The sky breaks

(Rifat Al-Qasimi)

(Click on bbcurdu.com and Tweeter @WusatUllahKhan to read other columns and articles of Wasatullah Khan)

The earth is tight on her own children